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The good reputation for NCAA March Madness shows the evolution from the Division I Men's Basketball Championship from an eight-team tournament in 1939 to one from the most anticipated sporting events in American sports.
The history of NCAA March Madness extends back to 1939 and since then, the Division I Men's Basketball Championship has evolved from a small college basketball tournament to one of the most anticipated sporting events in America. The single-elimination tournament appeals to many people, through the diehard fans for the casual observers, as 68 teams compete more than a three-week period for the college basketball championship crown.
In 1939, the National Association of Basketball Coaches, led by Kansas coaching legend Phog Allen, created a tournament meant to crown the champion of the men's basketball season. The initial format had eight teams making the tournament, with four schools from the west and four schools in the east. Teams were required to win district playoff games to qualify. In 1951, the area expanded to 16 teams, with 10 automatic berths gonna conference champions. The first televised championship game what food was in 1954, when LaSalle beat Bradley 94 - 76 in Kansas City. In 1975, the NCAA expanded the tournament to 32 teams and started to refer towards the last four unbeaten teams because the "Final Four." The tournament expanded to 64 teams in 1985 plus 2011, it absolutely was expanded again to match 68 teams.
Sports announcer Brent Musberger is credited with being the first one to use the saying "March Madness" to explain the men's college basketball tournament, first with all the term when covering it for CBS in 1982. However, the phrase was at use well before 1982 because the Illinois High School Association (IHSA) began calling their high school graduation basketball tournament "March Madness" inside 1940s. The phrase is now copyrighted and owned by both the NCAA as well as the ISHA, which prohibits the use from the phrase in commercial ventures without the right authorization.
March Madness determines the champion of men's Division I college basketball. It is single-elimination and provide automatic berths to 30 conference champions. For some from the smaller conferences, such because Patriot and also the Big Sky Conferences, their champion is often the only team that receives a tournament bid. Larger conferences, such because Big 12, Big 10 and the Atlantic Coast Conference, typically get the majority from the at- large berths, which go to schools that would not win their conference but nonetheless had a good overall record. There is no limit on the number of at-large berths one conference can receive, which may favor larger schools who receive more exposure throughout the regular season. Teams usually are not re-seeded after each round, and thus a #16 seed, which will be the lowest seed in each portion from the bracket, can conceivably allow it to be all the way to the championship game.
Each spring, basketball fans together with those who have not watched a single game all season complete tournament brackets and enter office pools so as to guess which team will in the end be crowned college basketball's champion. Unquestionably, part of the appeal towards the tournament to the athletic departments with the participating schools could be the potential for revenue. According to Forbes, the Big East Conference earned over $86 million over the five-year period between 2005 and 2010 as a result of appearances by its schools within the tournament. For the students and fans, the single-elimination format is really a major contributor towards the tournament's appeal. Every team comes with a equal chance to win. Upsets by #16 seeds over #1 seeds do occur and also the possibility of a "Cinderella", a team that unexpectedly continues on a hot streak, making it all the way on the Final Four keeps fans interested and engaged.
UCLA has won more championships than any other school in the history of NCAA March Madness with 11 titles. John Wooden was the coach for 10 of those championships. The University of Kentucky is second on the list with seven championships. Statistics on past champions and other tournament results is available here:
The good reputation for NCAA March Madness is about more than the faculties that compete. The growth with the tournament in to a national sports spectacle hasn't only boosted school pride and, sometimes, school revenue, but is has additionally made March Madness part of the national lexicon with an integral portion of American culture every Spring.
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