The rhetoric of the nudism and anti-nudism movements stresses freedom from many of the regular restraints which regulate human interaction in fkk settings, although for different reasons. Using data from French and German shores, this hypothesis was tested using five different indexes. As a subculture, nudists would seem to differ from nonnudists only within their predisposition to like to sunbathe in the nude. Their nude status would appear to have none of the de-inhibiting effects often attributed to nudism. By comparison, clear cultural differences between German and French cultures are revealed consistent with Hall's high low context differentiation and the Francoeurs' hot-trendy sexuality continuum.[14]

Naturist facilities

At naturist organised events or places clothing is normally discretionary, except by swimming pools or sunbathing yards where complete nudity is anticipated, weather permitting. This rule is occasionally a source of controversy among some naturists. Staff at a naturist facility are typically required to be clothed because of health and safety regulations.[8]

Facilities for naturists are classified in various ways. A landed or members' naturist club is one that owns its own facilities, while non-landed (or travel) clubs meet at various locations, for example private residences, swimming pools, hot springs, landed clubs and resorts, and rented facilities. Landed clubs can be run by members on democratic lines or by one or more owners who make the rules. In either case, they are able to establish membership standards and the duties of members. This typically involves sharing work required to preserve or develop the site.[15]
Families swimming nude at a hot spring in Taiwan

UK clubs are now required to have child-protection policies set up, and designated child-protection policemen. Many clubs promote frequent social activities.[citation needed]

The international naturist organizations were mostly composed of representatives of landed clubs.[1] Nudist colony isn't any longer a favored term, but it is used by naturists as a term of derision for landed clubs that have stiff non-inclusive membership criteria, and in meta data on naturist sites.

A vacation centre is a facility that specializes in providing flats, chalets and camping pitches for seeing holidaymakers. The center is run commercially, and visitors aren't members and have no say in the direction. Most holiday centres expect visitors to hold an INF card, that is, be an associate of their national organization, but some have relaxed this constraint, relying on the carrying of a trade card. Vacation centers could be very small, just two or three hectares or substantial occupying over 300 hectares.[f] In a large vacation center there will be swimming pools, sports pitches, an entertainment program, kids' clubs, restaurants and supermarkets. Some holiday centres allow regular visitors to buy their own chalets, and generations of precisely the same families will see each year.[5] Vacation centres are more kind of clothes than members-only clubs; total nudity is usually compulsory in the swimming pools and may be anticipated on the shores, while on the soccer pitches, or in the restaurants in the evening, it's rare.[5]

A naturist resort is, to a European, an essentially urban development where nudism is the standard. Some residents use these resorts as a year round house.[citation needed]

In US usage, a naturist resort can mean a holiday center.[18]

The abbreviation is widely recognised throughout Europe and frequently found on everyday hints indicating the direction to a distant naturist beach.
Nude beaches



In some European countries, for example Denmark,[19] all beaches are clothing optional, while in others like Germany there are naturist sunbathing areas in public parks, e.g., in Munich[20] and Berlin.[21] Seashores in some vacation destinations, such as Crete, are also clothing-optional, except some central urban beaches.[22] There are two centrally located clothes-optional beaches in Barcelona.[23]
Nudism and sports
See also: Nude recreation and Nudity in sport


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